The Republic of Macedonia is situated in the central part of the Balkan Peninsula, with an area of 25,713 square kilometres bordering on Serbia to the north, Kosovo to the north-west, Greece to the south, Bulgaria to the east and Albania to the west. Due to such a geographic location, the Republic of Macedonia is and has been an important crossroads of many different civilisations, religions and cultures throughout history.
According to the last census in the Republic of Macedonia live around two million people.
Skopje, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia, is the biggest political, economic, educational and cultural centre. Macedonia is predominantly a mountainous country with a great number of exceptional natural treasures and beauties. In Macedonia there are 34 peaks rising to over 2,000 metres and rich in vegetation. The influences of the Mediterranean and the Continental Climate positively affect the high fertility of the cultivated land and the development of cattle breeding as well as the development of both winter and summer tourism. Macedonia is a country of lakes of extraordinary natural beauty that offer favourable conditions for the development of tourism.
The name "Macedonia" is in fact the oldest surviving name of a country in the continent of Europe. Various peoples have inhabited Macedonia, and ancient civilisations have flourished on these lands. In 724-512 BC, the Macedonian Empire was established and developed, followed by the Persian Invasion. Alexander the Great reigns the new empire for ten years, beginning with 333 BC. Later, Macedonia became a Roman province. Beginning with 178 AD many barbarian tribes invaded the territory of the former province. Empires like the Byzantines, Bulgarians and Ottomans reign over the lands the following centuries.
The Treaty of San Stefano in 1878, ending the Russo-Turkish War, gave the largest part of Macedonia to Bulgaria. Bulgaria lost much of its Macedonian territory in the Second Balkan War. Most of Macedonia went to Serbia and the remainder was divided between Greece and Bulgaria.
In 1918, Serbia, which included much of Macedonia, joined in union with Croatia, Slovenia, and Montenegro to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, which was renamed Yugoslavia in 1929. On Sept. 8, 1991, Macedonia declared its independence from Yugoslavia.
Higher education is provided by colleges and pedagogical academies offering two-year courses, as well as by universities, which offer four to six-year courses in a range of disciplines. Upon successful completion of higher education courses at university faculties/institutes, students are awarded a Diploma with professional title e.g. Engineer, Lawyer, Teacher, at the lower (college) level; Graduate Engineer, Graduate Lawyer, Graduate Teacher at the higher (faculty/institute) level. The duration of studies leading to higher-level diplomas depends on the type of faculty.
The Law on Higher Education of 1997 stipulates that five-year programmes will be introduced in universities and higher education institutions. Reforms have begun to bring Macedonian higher education in line with international standards.
The academic year begins in October and ends next year in September.
Classes are taught in in Macedonian, Albanian and Turkish.
Foreign students with grants and scholarships from the Government of the Republic of Macedonia are not required to sit for the entrance examinations except for the Faculties of Architecture, Pedagogy, Physical Education and Art. Foreign students must have completed a four-year secondary school and have passed the final examinations.
You will need the following for the application process:
For more information visit: http://www.euroeducation.net/prof/macenco.htm
The first-level degree of university study is obtained on completion of a four to six-year course in a university. The exact duration of studies leading to higher-level diplomas depends on the type of faculty. For instance: Faculty of Medicine, 6 years of study (in Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry); Technological/Metallurgical Faculty - 5 years of study; Faculty of Law - 4 years of study. Each graduate student can specialize in relevant professional fields - e.g. Surgery, Obstetrics, Engineering, etc. Such specialization requires one to five years of practical training.
The Magister degree (Master of Science/Master of Arts) is awarded after two years' study followed by research and the writing of a thesis which is defended in public and approved by a mentor. Each graduate student can specialize in relevant professional fields - e.g. Surgery, Obstetrics, Engineering, etc. Such specialization requires one to five years of practical training.
The title of Doctor of Science is conferred to candidates who have obtained the Master's degree and after an approved period of research and the defence of a doctoral dissertation.
Primary school teachers are trained at the Pedagogical Faculty. The programme lasts for four years. After a one-year probation period, they must sit for a state professional examination.
Secondary school teachers are trained in the Pedagogical Faculty and some other faculties in four-year programmes of Linguistics, Languages, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Sports, Arts, etc., as well as a set number of pedagogical and psychology subjects. Those who graduate without having studied in these fields must take a special course and an examination. After a probation period they must sit for a state professional examination.
A few universities offer a great variety of courses for additional education. They do not award degrees but offer special courses leading to a particular qualification. Higher education institutions offer part-time studies.
Foreign nationals intending to enter and stay in the Republic of Macedonia, or who intends to transit through the territory of the Republic of Macedonia must obtain a relevant visa before their entry in the Republic of Macedonia. The visa application and all supporting documents are to be filed with the territorially competent diplomatic-consular mission.
Some or all of the following documents may be required for a long stay visa for FYROM:
For more information visit: http://www.mfa.gov.mk/?q=node/319&language=en-gb
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