Montenegro covers solely around 14.000 km2 and it only has about 670.000 citizens.
During centuries of its rich history, Montenegro has survived and remained one of the brightest models for the fight for freedom, for its own existence, and a place of which people always spoke with respect. Christian, Muslim, Illyrian, Byzantine, Turkish, and Slav civilizations merged here making Montenegro forever a crossroad of culture and history.
Montenegro has changed its name many times, from the Latin era under the mane of Prevalis, to the medieval state Zeta, and then to the modern name Crna Gora (MONTENEGRO). As the name changed, so did the land, thanks to the influence of all the civilizations, which for a shorter or longer period settled the territory of Montenegro, turning it into a mosaic of cultural heritage.
Montenegro, under this name, dates back to the 15th century, and for hundreds of years it managed to keep its independency from the Ottoman Empire. After World War I it became part of the Kingdon of Serbs, Croats and Slovens and part of Yugoslavia in 1929. After the dissolution of Yugoslavia in 1992, Montenegro formed a loose union with Serbia and became completely independent after the referendum in 2006.
Even though small, with only 411 km of state borders, Montenegro opens towards Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania and Croatia as land neighbours.
Through the integration processes, Montenegro is becoming the full right member of the South-Eastern Association of states. Its political and strategic position and peace loving orientation make it a factor of stability in the region, and a partner for bigger and more powerful countries. As a young state, in terms of independence, in just a few months it managed to get the acceptance from the North–Atlantic International Institution, which gave hope to the goal of the Montenegro state – to preserve itself and its cultural identity, and to in a best possible way contribute, with its existence, to the progress of the entire region.
Podgorica is the capital and biggest city in Montenegro. Bigger towns on the shore, observed from the south, are Ulcinj, a medieval fortification, which is surrounded by many romantic legends and stories about people who have visited it, defended it and conquered it. Bar is the centre of early medieval culture, and the biggest harbour in this part of the Mediterranean.
Montenegro is a republic with a President elected for 5 years and a Prime Minister headig the Government for the executive branch. For a legislative body, Montenegro has an unicameral Assembly of 81 members. It has a Constitutional Court and a Supreme Court as judicial branch.
Montenegro is a member of the UN and a candidate for membership of the European Union and NATO.
Legislation covering the field of tertiary education The Montenegrin Higher Education Act was adopted in October 2003, in the same year that Montenegro officially became a Bologna signatory country.
The number of students enrolled in undergraduate and postgraduate study programmes doubled in 2005/06, since 2003.
Higher education in Montenegro is structured as a three-cycle system and includes:
A Diploma Supplement (DS) based on the official European model is issued to graduates. As of 2006/07, the DS was made mandatory for all degree programmes and it is free of charge. The content of the DS is bilingual, in both Montenegrin and English. If the student studies in one of minorities' languages, then a diploma and a diploma supplement is issued in the minority's language.
Bachelor study programmes are organised as three year courses. After one additional year, the student may be awarded a specialist diploma (the first stage of postgraduate studies), and after a further year, he or she may be awarded a Master degree.
Doctoral programmes include obligatory course work and individual research. The doctoral dissertation is the final part of the study programme, except in arts, which is an artistic programme.
Study programmes in Montenegro can be divided into two streams:
Only academic study programmes can lead to the diploma of Doctoral studies, while applied study programmes can lead to the level of Master.
Student enrolment is based on the open public competition of the universities for all study programmes.
Applicants who want to enroll for a particular study programme need to submit the following documents:
The matriculation or professional exam is valued with at least 15% of the total number of points obtained at admission.
Enrolment is competitive, in accordance with the results achieved during secondary school, and accordingly a ranking list is established. For enrolment in certain study programmes, additional examinations may be required.
Foreign citizen may enrol under the same conditions as Montenegrin citizens, but they need to have their diplomas recognised. If the process of diploma recognition is not finished, foreign citizen may enrol provisionally, provided that the process for diploma recognition had already been initiated. Foreign students have the status as self-financing students.
For additional information visit: http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/tempus/participating_countries/reviews/montenegro_review_of_higher_education.pdf
There is only one public higher education institution in Montenegro.
The first private university started to operate in Montenegro in 2006, while the second opened in 2010.
Apart from the private universities, there are also 7 individual private faculties in Montenegro, at which around 2,400 students are studying.
The most common form of assessment for students is written examinations, but there are also oral examinations. Students financed from the state budget who do not fulfil the criteria to continue their studies as a budget-funded student may continue as self-financing students.
Conversely, self-financing students who pass all exams may become budget-funded students if there are places available on their study programme. Those students are chosen on credits gained and academic performance during their studies.
The final examination is an individual elaboration of a particular issue in a field related to the study programme.
Foreign citizens may apply for a Montenegrin visa at the competent diplomatic or consular post of Montenegro in their country.
In countries where Montenegro has no diplomatic or consular post, Montenegrin visa applications may be submitted to the Serbian diplomatic or consular post. Foreign citizens in Armenia, Azerbaijan or Georgia may apply for a Montenegrin visa at the Embassy of Bulgaria in these countries.
Required documents for visa application include:
Ask your local embassy or consulate for detailed information about visa application.
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