Philosophy has constituted a central element in the emergence of modern German culture. In the late 18th century, German philosophy participated in the broader European Enlightenment culture, which was in turn connected to the development of modern empirical science. Under the impression of the historical changes brought about by the French Revolution and by the ‘Industrial Revolution’ in Great Britain, a special constellation of German philosophy emerged at the end of the 18th century, which has deeply left its mark on subsequent philosophical thinking far beyond Germany.
This philosophy course addresses the historical reality of this ‘German moment of philosophy’ in two subsequent phases: In the first part, we follow the emergence and full deployment of German philosophy from its Kantian beginnings to Hegel’s grand but fragile synthesis, trying to understand its richness as well as its fragility. In a second part, we discuss the later renewal of German philosophy in the late 19th century and its historical tragedy in the 20th century. This will include a discussion of the new beginnings of philosophy since the mid-19th century, from Marx, and Nietzsche, via Frege to Husserl and Wittgenstein, who have been reacting to the scientific and political revolutions of the late 19th and early 20th century. Martin Heidegger as an established pro-Nazi philosopher and Max Horkheimer as the leading philosopher of the “Frankfurt School” driven into exile are studied as philosophers immersed into the Night of the 20th century.
Finally, post-World War II developments in philosophy (as exemplified by Jürgen Habermas) will be looked at as pathways out of the self-destructive turn the ‘German moment of philosophy’ in Germany had taken in the first decades of the 20th century, and as passages into an emerging world philosophy.
The focus of this German Philosophy - From Kant to Habermas course from Freie Universität Berlin is on the tension between the Enlightenment heritage of a universalizing human philosophy and a national culture project, as well as on the tension between classicist rationalism and romantic emotionalism in its construction as a series of philosophical projects. From the perspective of a German version of the dialectics of the Enlightenment, the German philosophers of the 19th and 20th centuries will be studied in context - combining the reading of key texts with a reconstruction of their historical contexts and their interaction.
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- Fichte’s Radicalization of Kant
- Hegel’s Theoretical Synthesis
- Hegel’s Practical Synthesis
- Philosophy after Hegel: The ‘Young Hegelians’
- Philosophy ‘after Philosophy
- Digital excursion
- New Beginnings: The Revolution in Logic
This course is open for students from all disciplines having a deep interest in Philosophy. Prior exposure to the field of philosophy will be helpful.
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- 1 months
Start dates & application deadlines
- Apply before
- Program start date: Saturday, July 17
- Program end date: Saturday, August 14
DisciplinesPhilosophy & Ethics General Studies & Classics
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We are not aware of any academic requirements for this programme.
We are not aware of any English requirements for this programme.
- This course is open for students from all disciplines having a deep interest in Philosophy. Prior exposure to the field of philosophy will be helpful.
- Language proficiency on an advanced Intermediate level (Mittelstufe II) is a prerequisite for participation.
- Please make sure to be online approximately from 8 am CET to 12:30 pm CST on the respective course days! Therefore, please check the possible time difference between Germany and your country of residence. We also recommend that you make sure to have a quiet and appropriate working space.
- stable internet connection
- fully functional device, such as computer, laptop or tablet (use of smart phones not recommended), headset recommended
- recommended operating systems: Windows 7 or higher or Mac OS X 10,13 or higher, avoid using a VPN
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International800 EUR/fullTuition FeeBased on the original amount of 800 EUR for the full programme and a duration of 1 months.
EU/EEA800 EUR/fullTuition FeeBased on the original amount of 800 EUR for the full programme and a duration of 1 months.
Studyportals Tip: Students can search online for independent or external scholarships that can help fund their studies. Check the scholarships to see whether you are eligible to apply. Many scholarships are either merit-based or needs-based.
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Apply and win up to €10000 to cover your tuition fees.