The former Southwest China Normal University was one of the key comprehensive universities under the direct jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education. Originally it was named Southwest Teachers College and was established through the merging of the former National Women's Teachers College and the Sichuan Provincial Educational College in 1950. It was then renamed Southwest China Normal University in 1985.
The former Southwest Agricultural University was established in 1950, originally being named Southwest Agricultural College. This university was established through the merging of relevant sections and departments of the former Sichuan Provincial Educational College, the Western China University and Xianghui College. Approved by the State Council, it became one of the national key universities in 1979, and was then renamed Southwest Agricultural College followed by Southwest Agricultural University in 1985. In 2001, a new Southwest Agricultural University was established through combining with the former Sichuan Animal Husbandry and Veterinary College, the Citrus Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Agriculture.
Before being united, Southwest China Normal University and Southwest Agricultural University were neighbors with only a wall separating the two institutions. Both universities had a long historic relationship, which could be traced back to their common origin, i.e. East Sichuan Teachers College in 1906.
Southwest China Normal University and Southwest Agricultural University have already cultivated a variety of graduates, more than 200,000 since their establishment. On the basis of long-term building and development, both universities formed their special characteristics in teachers' education and agricultural education respectively. The universities excel in a number of disciplines including pedagogy, psychology and agronomy. Among them, the silkworm genome research takes the lead in the world, and fundamental psychology and pedagogy have taken a national lead. Other great achievements include natural fallowing, silkworm gene bank, southwest ethnic education and psychology research, and human time cognition and so on. Hundreds of new technologies and achievements have brought with them outstanding social and economic benefits.