What is a Short Course in Biology?

part of Natural Sciences & Mathematics

Biology is a natural science, together with chemistry and physics, and it is taught in schools of all levels. This field explores all living and non-living forms of life, from microorganisms to plants, animals and humans. Biology sub-disciplines focus on species and groups of organisms and offer an in-depth study of their growth and evolution, origin, actions and distribution around the world.

Zoology, biophysics, anthropology, histology and ecology are only some of the specializations that students choose for a Master’s degree in biology. Others may enrol in a degree programme that focuses on the foundations of modern biology, such as cell theory, evolution, genetics, homeostasis and energy. While classic biology had the cell as a centre point, today the focus of attention is on energy, as a mechanism of survival for organisms.

Graduates of a Master degree in biology enter a competitive employment market, where practical experience plays a major role. They are able to find jobs as higher education lecturers, pharmacologists, research scientists or science writers.

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Best Universities for Biology on ShortCoursesPortal

Universities Location Times Higher Education Ranking (2018) Shanghai Jiao Tong University Ranking (2017) TopUniversities Ranking (2018) U.S. News & World Report Ranking (2018)
Harvard University Cambridge, United States 1 1 1 1
University of Cambridge Cambridge, United Kingdom 2 3 2 6
University of Oxford Oxford, United Kingdom 3 17 3 7
Stanford University Stanford, United States 4 6 5 4
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Cambridge, United States 5 2 4 2
Johns Hopkins University Baltimore, United States 6 9 6 9
Princeton University Princeton, United States 7 44 101 51
California Institute of Technology - Caltech Pasadena, United States 8 28 115 31
Yale University New Haven, United States 9 10 10 16
Imperial College London London, United Kingdom 10 39 12 21
University of Chicago Chicago, United States 11 47 37 24
University of California, San Diego San Diego, United States 12 32 16 8
ETH Zurich - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich, Switzerland 13 76 51 18
Cornell University Ithaca, United States 14 31 25 10
Columbia University New York City, United States 15 11 26 15
Duke University Durham, United States 16 45 19 23
University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, United States 17 29 23 19
University of California, Berkeley Berkeley, United States 18 16 14 3
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Los Angeles, United States 19 15 8 11
Wageningen University and Research Wageningen, Netherlands 20 101 82 54
University of British Columbia Vancouver, Canada 21 51 28 33
University of Toronto Toronto, Canada 22 20 15 13
Peking University Beijing, China 23 101 51 58
The University of Edinburgh Edinburgh, United Kingdom 23 49 21 37
Karolinska Institute Stockholm, Sweden 25 14 7 26
National University of Singapore Singapore, Singapore 26 50 20 32
University of Michigan Ann Arbor, United States 27 34 31 11
University of California, Davis Davis, United States 28 51 57 34
Washington University in St. Louis Saint Louis, United States 29 40 33 27
King's College London London, United Kingdom 30 21 18 78
McGill University Montréal, Canada 31 51 28 41
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne Lausanne, Switzerland 33 - 94 63
Heidelberg University Heidelberg, Germany 34 51 41 42
University of Queensland Brisbane, Australia 34 51 32 46
The University of Tokyo Tokyo, Japan 36 48 22 25
Kyoto University Kyoto, Japan 37 23 40 40
Uppsala University Uppsala, Sweden 38 51 49 52
Ludwig-Maximilians-University (LMU) Munich München, Germany 39 41 44 30
University of Wisconsin Madison Madison, United States 40 51 58 28
The University of Hong Kong Hong Kong, Hong Kong (SAR) 41 151 34 134
Northwestern University Evanston, United States 42 76 74 50
Technical University of Munich München, Germany 43 76 81 65
Ghent University Gent, Belgium 44 76 85 71
Australian National University Canberra, Australia 45 201 85 176
Lund University Lund, Sweden 46 51 88 101
University of Sydney Sydney, Australia 47 51 17 92
Emory University Atlanta, United States 48 76 73 76
University of Glasgow Glasgow, United Kingdom 49 76 48 103
Humboldt University Berlin Berlin, Germany 50 76 200 65
The University of Manchester Manchester, United Kingdom 51 51 50 47
University of Minnesota Minneapolis, United States 51 - 75 -
Sorbonne University Paris, France 53 35 94 35
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Chapel Hill, United States 54 13 38 38
University of Dundee Dundee, United Kingdom 55 101 136 81
University of Texas at Austin Austin, United States 55 201 145 106
University of California, Santa Barbara Santa Barbara, United States 57 301 293 170
Osaka University Osaka-shi, Japan 58 151 68 70
Utrecht University Utrecht, Netherlands 59 43 60 59
University of Göttingen Göttingen, Germany 60 151 128 94
University of Geneva Genève, Switzerland 61 76 60 74
KU Leuven Leuven, Belgium 62 51 66 55
University of Helsinki Helsinki, Finland 63 51 68 64
University of Tübingen Tübingen, Germany 64 76 108 112
Stockholm University Stockholm, Sweden 65 201 222 110
University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign Urbana, United States 66 24 171 35
University of Lausanne Lausanne, Switzerland 67 76 90 88
University of Zurich Zürich (Kreis 1), Switzerland 68 19 43 22
The University of Western Australia Perth, Australia 69 30 55 140
University of Freiburg Freiburg, Germany 70 101 102 119
University of Colorado at Boulder Boulder, United States 71 101 210 44
University of St Andrews St Andrews, United Kingdom 72 201 345 363
Pennsylvania State University University Park, United States 73 76 125 73
Michigan State University East Lansing, United States 74 151 149 92
PSL Research University Paris, France 75 - - -
University of Bristol Bristol, United Kingdom 76 76 62 122
Trinity College Dublin Dublin, Ireland 77 101 157 171
University of Groningen Groningen, Netherlands 78 51 97 90
University of Aberdeen Aberdeen, United Kingdom 79 151 157 218
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) Daejeon, South Korea 80 - 220 124
University of Bonn Bonn, Germany 81 76 139 145
The University of Exeter Exeter, United Kingdom 82 101 243 204
Vanderbilt University Nashville, United States 82 22 84 57
University of Science and Technology of China Hefei, China 84 401 295 224
Aarhus University Aarhus, Denmark 85 76 58 82
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Hong Kong, Hong Kong (SAR) 86 - 287 311
University of Maryland College Park, United States 87 151 162 108
Freie Universität Berlin Berlin Steglitz, Germany 88 76 213 53
University of East Anglia Norwich, United Kingdom 89 201 270 238
University of Leeds Leeds, United Kingdom 89 101 130 163
University of Basel Basel, Switzerland 91 76 64 69
Newcastle University Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom 92 101 119 160
University of New South Wales Sydney, Australia 93 101 44 108
University of York York, United Kingdom 93 201 183 230
University of Vienna Vienna, Austria 95 151 240 90
University of California, Riverside Riverside, United States 96 201 348 240
Arizona State University Tempe Junction, United States 97 151 238 138
Monash University Melbourne, Australia 97 101 28 76
University of Florida Gainesville, United States 99 101 97 103
Brown University Providence, United States 100 201 90 180
École Polytechnique Palaiseau, France 101 - - -
Fudan University Shanghai, China 101 101 88 96
James Cook University Townsville, Australia 101 201 313 -
Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU) Moscow, Russia 101 - 101 178
Maastricht University Maastricht, Netherlands 101 201 105 237
McMaster University Hamilton, Canada 101 151 55 155
The Ohio State University Columbus, United States 101 76 97 85
Oregon State University Corvallis, United States 101 201 327 227
University of Paris Sud Orsay, France 101 76 170 132
Pohang University of Science and Technology (Postech) Namyangju, South Korea 101 - 356 296
Rice University Houston, United States 101 401 401 258
Seoul National University Seoul, South Korea 101 101 35 61
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Uppsala, Sweden 101 201 287 242
Technical University of Denmark (DTU) Copenhagen, Denmark 101 101 280 68
TU Dresden Dresden, Germany 101 101 180 106
University of Adelaide Adelaide, Australia 101 151 79 197
University of Alberta Edmonton, Canada 101 151 90 101
University of Birmingham Birmingham, United Kingdom 101 101 76 173
University of California, Irvine (UCI) Irvine, United States 101 101 - 131
University of California, Santa Cruz Santa Cruz, United States 101 151 396 97
University of Cologne Köln, Germany 101 101 174 211
University of Montreal Montréal, Canada 101 76 76 165
University of Nottingham Nottingham, United Kingdom 101 37 70 168
University of Sheffield Sheffield, United Kingdom 101 151 113 145
University of Würzburg Würzburg, Germany 101 101 192 118
Aberystwyth University Aberystwyth, United Kingdom 126 401 - -
Cardiff University Cardiff, United Kingdom 126 32 108 263
Dartmouth College Hanover, United States 126 201 184 260
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem Jerusalem, Israel 126 101 142 119
Indiana University Bloomington Bloomington, United States 126 201 281 128
Iowa State University Ames, United States 126 201 243 148
King Abdulaziz University Jeddah, Saudi Arabia 126 101 338 88
Nagoya University Nagoya, Japan 126 201 143 187
Queen Mary University of London London, United Kingdom 126 76 96 189
Radboud University Nijmegen, Netherlands 126 51 123 -
Royal Holloway University of London London, United Kingdom 126 401 401 -
Stony Brook University Stony Brook, United States 126 151 379 174
Umea University Umeå, Sweden 126 101 213 201
University of Barcelona Barcelona, Spain 126 51 78 87
University of Cape Town Cape Town, South Africa 126 201 105 252
University of Iceland Reykjavik, Iceland 126 51 - -
University of Konstanz Konstanz, Germany 126 301 401 319
University of Massachusetts Boston Boston, United States 126 - 401 -
University of Oslo Oslo, Norway 126 76 93 157
University of Reading Reading, United Kingdom 126 - 327 -
University of Sao Paulo São Paulo, Brazil 126 76 129 80
University of Tartu Tartu, Estonia 126 101 396 -
University of Tasmania Hobart, Australia 126 201 305 -
University of Warwick Coventry, United Kingdom 126 201 222 168
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam Amsterdam, Netherlands 126 51 175 119
Zhejiang University Hangzhou, China 126 151 180 149
Durham University Durham, United Kingdom 151 - 368 -
École Normale Supérieure de Lyon Lyon, France 151 201 351 333
Goethe University Frankfurt Frankfurt am Main, Germany 151 151 - 123
Lancaster University Lancaster, United Kingdom 151 - 451 -
Nanjing University Nanjing, China 151 301 240 279
Queen's University Belfast Belfast, United Kingdom 151 151 202 373
Royal Veterinary College London, United Kingdom 151 - 451 -
Rutgers University New Brunswick, United States 151 - 266 94
Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies Pisa Pisa, Italy 151 - - -
Tohoku University Sendai-shi, Japan 151 201 126 136
Ulm University Ulm, Germany 151 101 257 327
UCLouvain Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium 151 201 105 183
University College Cork Cork, Ireland 151 301 192 242
The University of Arizona Tucson, United States 151 151 188 158
University of Auckland Auckland, New Zealand 151 151 62 183
University of Bergen Bergen, Norway 151 151 211 240
University of Bern Bern, Switzerland 151 201 121 167
University of Bremen Bremen, Germany 151 401 - -
University of Delaware Newark, United States 151 301 351 309
University of Liverpool Liverpool, United Kingdom 151 101 120 223
University of Oregon Eugene, United States 151 301 396 -
University of Strasbourg Strasbourg, France 151 38 217 78
University of Utah Salt Lake City, United States 151 36 203 111
University of Virginia Charlottesville, United States 151 101 192 113
Autonomous University of Barcelona Barcelona, Spain 176 151 157 217
Bangor University Bangor, United Kingdom 176 - 451 -
Delft University of Technology (TU Delft) Delft, Netherlands 176 301 336 230
George Washington University Washington, D. C., United States 176 201 216 355
Hokkaido University Sapporo, Japan 176 201 145 180
La Trobe University Melbourne, Australia 176 301 318 341
Macquarie University Sydney, Australia 176 301 345 319
University of Montpellier Montpellier, France 176 101 154 113
North Carolina State University Raleigh, United States 176 201 233 229
University of Plymouth Plymouth, United Kingdom 176 201 - -
Queensland University of Technology Brisbane, Australia 176 301 266 388
Sungkyunkwan University Seoul, South Korea 176 301 134 183
Texas A&M University College Station, United States 176 201 186 134
Tufts University Medford, United States 176 151 136 126
Institute for European Studies - Universite Libre de Bruxelles Brussels, Belgium 176 201 192 249
University College Dublin Dublin, Ireland 176 201 145 296
University of Antwerp Antwerpen, Belgium 176 151 184 337
University of Bayreuth Bayreuth, Germany 176 - 401 -
University of Bordeaux Bordeaux, France 176 301 339 -
University of Gothenburg Göteborg, Sweden 176 42 108 99
University of Gothenburg, Faculty of Science Göteborg, Sweden 176 - - -
University of Hamburg Hamburg, Germany 176 101 151 151
University of Hawaii at Manoa Honolulu, United States 176 401 395 -
University of Otago Dunedin, New Zealand 176 201 66 215
University of Potsdam Potsdam, Germany 176 401 451 -
University of Rochester Rochester, United States 176 201 196 162
Aix-Marseille University Marseille, France 201 101 228 71
Autonomous University of Madrid Alcobendas, Spain 201 301 217 252
Brandeis University Waltham, United States 201 401 401 -
Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, United States 201 151 172 139
Charles Darwin University Darwin, Australia 201 - - -
Colorado State University Fort Collins, United States 201 201 313 230
Université Grenoble Alpes Grenoble, France 201 151 331 143
Indian Institute of Science Bangalore, India 201 - 151 296
Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz Mainz, Germany 201 201 257 191
Keio University International Center Tokyo, Japan 201 301 148 218
Kyushu University Fukuoka, Japan 201 201 133 182
Laval University Ottawa, Canada 201 151 168 215
Massey University Palmerston North, New Zealand 201 301 295 379
National Taiwan University Taipei, Taiwan 201 201 44 197
National Tsing Hua University Hsinchu, Taiwan 201 - 360 -
Northern Arizona University Flagstaff, United States 201 401 - -
Paris Diderot University Paris, France 201 101 186 193
Ruhr University Bochum Bochum, Germany 201 301 341 363
Saint-Petersburg State University Saint Petersburg, Russia 201 - 351 -
San Diego State University San Diego, United States 201 401 - -
Simon Fraser University Burnaby, Canada 201 201 359 266
Stellenbosch University Stellenbosch, South Africa 201 301 307 386
Technion - Israel Institute of Technology Haifa, Israel 201 201 310 262
Tel Aviv University Tel Aviv Yaffo, Israel 201 101 222 99
Tokyo Institute of Technology Tokyo, Japan 201 401 321 249
University of Bath Bath, United Kingdom 201 401 389 345
University of Calgary Calgary, Canada 201 151 115 177
University of Canterbury Christchurch, New Zealand 201 - 401 -
University of Eastern Finland Joensuu, Finland 201 151 230 317
University of Fribourg Fribourg, Switzerland 201 401 - -
University of Hohenheim Ostfildern, Germany 201 401 401 -
University of Innsbruck Innsbruck, Austria 201 401 - -
The University of Iowa Iowa City, United States 201 101 172 208
University of Kent Canterbury, United Kingdom 201 401 - -
University of Kiel Kiel, Germany 201 101 203 288
University of Leicester Leicester, United Kingdom 201 101 176 275
University of Miami South Miami, United States 201 151 162 273
The University of Montana Missoula, United States 201 401 - -
University of Neuchâtel Neuchâtel, Switzerland 201 - - -
University of Padua Padua, Italy 201 151 156 125
Rovira i Virgili University Tarragona, Spain 201 401 - -
University of Southern Denmark Odense, Denmark 201 201 266 192
University of Stirling Stirling, United Kingdom 201 - - -
University of Sussex Brighton, United Kingdom 201 301 401 346
University of Technology Sydney Sydney, Australia 201 - 379 -
University of Trento Trento, Italy 201 401 - -
University of Turku Turku, Finland 201 151 260 260
University of Victoria Victoria, Canada 201 - - -
Wake Forest University Winston-Salem, United States 201 151 252 283
Washington State University Pullman, United States 201 201 284 268
Alfaisal University Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 251 - - -
Bielefeld University Bielefeld, Germany 251 401 351 325
Boston College Newton, United States 251 301 351 -
Université de Lyon Lyon, France 251 101 191 143
Dalhousie University Halifax, Canada 251 301 207 288
Deakin University  Burwood, Australia 251 401 235 -
Dublin City University Dublin, Ireland 251 - 401 -
University of Toulouse Toulouse, France 251 - - -
Griffith University Southport, Australia 251 201 284 335
Hanyang University Seoul, South Korea 251 401 310 -
Hasselt University Hasselt, Belgium 251 - - -
Heriot-Watt University Edinburgh, United Kingdom 251 - - -
Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay Mumbai, India 251 - 301 -
Korea University Seoul, South Korea 251 401 143 265
Loughborough University Loughborough, United Kingdom 251 - - -
Marche Polytechnic University Ancona, Italy 251 401 - -
Memorial University of Newfoundland St. John's, Canada 251 401 - -
Murdoch University Applecross, Australia 251 401 451 -
National University of Ireland, Galway Galway, Ireland 251 301 248 -
Sapienza University of Rome Roma, Italy 251 151 161 149
Southern Cross University Lismore, Australia 251 - - -
UNICAMP - University of Campinas Campinas, Brazil 251 401 230 245
Tokyo Medical and Dental University Tokyo, Japan 251 301 166 359
UIT the Arctic University of Norway Tromsø, Norway 251 201 401 -
Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (UVSQ) Versailles, France 251 - - -
University of Quebec Québec, Canada 251 - 374 -
University of Alaska Fairbanks Fairbanks, United States 251 - - -
University of Cincinnati Cincinnati, United States 251 201 235 183
University of Coimbra Coimbra, Portugal 251 301 375 311
University of Connecticut Storrs, United States 251 201 274 275
University of Crete Rethymno, Greece 251 - 401 -
University of Electronic Science and Technology of China Chengdu, China 251 - - -
University of Georgia Athens, United States 251 151 260 132
Karl-Franzens University of Graz Graz, Austria 251 301 451 335
University of Hull Hull, United Kingdom 251 401 451 -
University of Illinois at Chicago Chicago, United States 251 201 - 152
Technical University of Kaiserslautern Kaiserslautern, Germany 251 - - -
University of Liège Liège, Belgium 251 201 248 279
University of Macau Macao, Macao (SAR) 251 - - -
Philip University in Marburg Marburg, Germany 251 301 270 227
The University of Milan Milano, Italy 251 101 80 154
University of Milano - Bicocca Milano, Italy 251 301 341 -
University of Nebraska-Lincoln Lincoln, United States 251 301 401 245
University of Pavia Pavia, Italy 251 301 289 -
University of Pisa Pisa, Italy 251 301 279 370
University of Split Split, Croatia 251 201 - -
University of Tennessee Knoxville Knoxville, United States 251 301 307 267
University of Wollongong Wollongong, Australia 251 - 401 -
Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) Brussels, Belgium 251 201 277 85
Western Sydney University Sydney, Australia 251 - 396 -
Center for Distance Education, Aligarh Muslim University Aligarh, India 301 - - -
Auckland University of Technology Auckland, New Zealand 301 - - -
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev Beersheba, Israel 301 401 383 303
University of Clermont Auvergne (UCA) Clermont-Ferrand, France 301 - - -
Central China Normal University Wuhan, China 301 - - -
Charles University Prague, Czech Republic 301 201 226 220
China Agricultural University Beijing, China 301 201 360 258
Universidad Complutense de Madrid Madrid, Spain 301 301 213 327
Creighton University Omaha, United States 301 - - -
East China Normal University Shanghai, China 301 - 401 -
East China University of Science and Technology Shangyu, China 301 - 451 388
Edith Cowan University Perth, Australia 301 - - -
Eötvös Loránd University Budapest, Hungary 301 - 401 -
Fuzhou University Fuzhou, China 301 - - -
George Mason University Fairfax, United States 301 - - -
Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology Gwangju, South Korea 301 - - -
Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi New Delhi, India 301 - 301 394
Justus Liebig University Giessen Gießen, Germany 301 301 319 314
Kansas State University Manhattan, United States 301 301 401 -
Keele University Keele, United Kingdom 301 - - -
King Saud University Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 301 201 243 211
Lincoln University Canterbury Christchurch, New Zealand 301 - - -
Liverpool John Moores University Liverpool, United Kingdom 301 401 - -
Louisiana State University Baton Rouge, United States 301 201 364 327
Mahidol University Bang Yai, Thailand 301 201 115 323
Masaryk University Brno, Czech Republic 301 301 451 286
Medical College of Wisconsin Milwaukee, United States 301 301 336 294
Montana State University Bozeman, United States 301 401 - -
Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education Monterrey, Mexico 301 - - -
National and Kapodistrian University of Athens Athens, Greece 301 201 248 383
National Autonomous University of Mexico Mexico City, Mexico 301 201 176 204
National Chiao Tung University Hsinchu, Taiwan 301 - 451 -
Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU) Ås, Norway 301 301 - -
Polytechnic University of Valencia Valencia, Spain 301 - - -
Pontifical Catholic University of Chile Santiago, Chile 301 401 227 368
Queen's University Kingston, Canada 301 401 203 -
Semmelweis University Budapest VIII. kerület, Hungary 301 301 262 383
Soochow University Taipei, Taiwan 301 301 - 391
South China University of Technology Guangzhou, China 301 - 451 379
Sun Yat-sen University Guangzhou, China 301 101 196 188
Darmstadt University of Technology Darmstadt, Germany 301 - 451 -
Tokyo University of Science Tokyo, Japan 301 - 401 -
University Bourgogne Franche-Comté Besançon, France 301 - - -
University of Sherbrooke Sherbrooke, Canada 301 401 401 -
University at Buffalo Buffalo, United States 301 401 220 272
Universidade de Aveiro Aveiro, Portugal 301 401 - 360
University of Bologna Bologna, Italy 301 201 - 204
University of Canberra Canberra, Australia 301 - - -
University of Catania Catania, Italy 301 - 451 -
University of Chile Santiago, Chile 301 301 233 346
University of Essex Colchester, United Kingdom 301 - - -
University of Ferrara Ferrara, Italy 301 301 - -
University of Florence Florence, Italy 301 201 207 115
University of Genoa Genoa, Italy 301 301 353 -
University of Greifswald Greifswald, Germany 301 201 - 369
University of Houston Houston, United States 301 401 451 -
University of Jyväskylä Jyväskylä, Finland 301 401 - -
University of Lille Lille, France 301 - - -
University of Limerick Limerick, Ireland 301 - - -
University of Lisbon Lisbon, Portugal 301 201 257 214
University of Lorraine Nancy, France 301 401 - 363
University of Malaya Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 301 301 164 -
University of Manitoba Winnipeg, Canada 301 201 248 296
University of Maryland Baltimore County (UMBC) Catonsville, United States 301 - 281 -
University of Missouri - Columbia Columbia, United States 301 201 300 235
University of Modena and Reggio Emilia - UNIMORE Modena, Italy 301 301 401 -
University of Nebraska Medical Center Omaha, United States 301 - - -
University of Newcastle Newcastle, Australia 301 301 168 -
University of North Carolina Greensboro Greensboro, United States 301 - - -
University of Oklahoma Norman, United States 301 401 364 -
University of Ottawa Ottawa, Canada 301 151 157 204
The University of Oviedo Oviedo, Spain 301 301 - -
University of Parma Parma, Italy 301 401 401 -
University of Porto Porto, Portugal 301 201 278 268
University of Pretoria Pretoria, South Africa 301 301 383 -
Tor Vergata University of Rome Roma, Italy 301 301 293 355
University of Salento Lecce, Italy 301 - - -
University of Saskatchewan Saskatoon, Canada 301 301 360 355
University of Siena Siena, Italy 301 301 451 363
University of South Carolina Columbia, United States 301 - 401 -
University of Stuttgart Stuttgart, Germany 301 - 351 -
University of Surrey Guildford, United Kingdom 301 - 401 -
The University of Texas at San Antonio Helotes, United States 301 - 401 -
The University of Toledo Toledo, United States 301 - - -
University of Trieste Trieste, Italy 301 301 451 -
University of Tsukuba Tsukuba, Japan 301 301 240 291
University of Turin Turin, Italy 301 201 189 270
University of Valencia Valencia, Spain 301 201 289 340
University of Warsaw Warsaw, Poland 301 - 351 294
University of Verona Verona, Italy 301 201 348 -
Victoria University Melbourne, Australia 301 - - -
Virginia Tech Blacksburg, United States 301 301 353 230
Wayne State University Detroit, United States 301 201 401 199
University of Western Ontario London, Canada 301 201 153 -
College of William & Mary Williamsburg, United States 301 - - -
Wuhan University Wuhan, China 301 301 330 201
Xiamen University Xiamen, China 301 301 401 292
Yokohama City University Yokohama, Japan 301 401 451 -
Yonsei University Seoul, South Korea 301 201 85 193
York University Toronto, Canada 301 - 451 -
Adam Mickiewicz University Poznan Poznan, Poland 401 - - -
Ajou University Suwon, South Korea 401 - 451 -
American University of Beirut Beirut, Lebanon 401 - 401 -
Annamalai University Annamalainagar, India 401 - - -
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Thessaloníki, Greece 401 301 325 352
Asia University, Taiwan Taichung, Taiwan 401 - - -
Auburn University Auburn, United States 401 - - -
Austral University of Chile Valdivia, Chile 401 - - -
Babes-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca, Romania 401 - - -
Bar Ilan University Ramat Gan, Israel 401 - - -
Brunel University London London Borough of Harrow, United Kingdom 401 - - -
Chang Gung University Taoyuan City, Taiwan 401 401 235 -
Chiba University Chiba, Japan 401 - 341 -
Dalian University of Technology Dalian, China 401 - 451 -
Ehime University Ebetsu, Japan 401 - - -
Federal University of Minas Gerais Belo Oriente, Brazil 401 - 315 323
Florida International University University Park, United States 401 - - -
Georgia State University Atlanta, United States 401 - - -
Hiroshima University Hiroshima, Japan 401 401 307 386
Huazhong Agricultural University Wuhan, China 401 201 - 308
Huazhong University of Science and Technology Wuhan, China 401 201 327 208
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati Gubbi, India 401 - - -
Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee Roorkee, India 401 - - -
Isfahan University of Technology Khomeyni Shahr, Iran 401 - - -
Istanbul University Istanbul, Turkey 401 401 345 -
Jagiellonian University Kraków, Poland 401 401 388 282
Jinan University Guangzhou, China 401 - - -
Juntendo University Tokyo, Japan 401 - - -
Kagawa University Takamatsu, Japan 401 - - -
Kanazawa University Kanazawa, Japan 401 - 348 397
Kaohsiung Medical University Kaohsiung City, Taiwan 401 - 401 -
Kazan Federal University Kazan, Russia 401 - - -
Kobe University Kobe, Japan 401 401 300 275
Konkuk University Kuri, South Korea 401 - 401 373
Kumamoto University Kumamoto, Japan 401 - 351 -
Kuwait University Kuwait City, Kuwait 401 - - -
Leibniz University Hannover Hannover, Germany 401 - - -
Makerere University Kampala, Uganda 401 - 451 -
Manchester Metropolitan University Manchester, United Kingdom 401 - - -
Nagasaki University Nagasaki, Japan 401 - 401 -
Nanjing Agricultural University Nanjing, China 401 301 451 -
National Central University Taoyuan City, Taiwan 401 - - -
National Taiwan Ocean University Keelung, Taiwan 401 - - -
National Yang-Ming University (NYMU) Taipei, Taiwan 401 401 149 -
New Mexico State University Las Cruces, United States 401 - - -
Northumbria University Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom 401 - - -
Northwest A & F University Xi'an, China 401 401 - -
Okayama University Okayama, Japan 401 - 360 350
Oklahoma State University Stillwater, United States 401 - - -
Palacký University Olomouc Olomouc, Czech Republic 401 301 - 396
Panjab University Chandigarh, India 401 - - -
Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul Porto Alegre, Brazil 401 - - -
Quaid-i-azam University Islamabad, Pakistan 401 - - -
Saint Louis University Saint Louis, United States 401 401 451 -
Saitama University Saitama, Japan 401 - - -
The Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp) São Paulo, Brazil 401 401 366 -
Savitribai Phule Pune University Pune, India 401 - - -
Southeast University Nanjing, China 401 - 451 375
Sultan Qaboos University As Sib, Oman 401 - - -
Texas Tech University Lubbock, United States 401 - - -
Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology Tokyo, Japan 401 - 351 -
Tongji University Shanghai, China 401 301 401 290
Ulster University Coleraine, United Kingdom 401 - 451 -
United Arab Emirates University Al Ain, United Arab Emirates 401 - - -
University of Alcalá Alcalá de Henares, Spain 401 - 451 -
University of Algarve Faro, Portugal 401 - - -
University of Alicante Alicante, Spain 401 - - -
University of Almeria Almería, Spain 401 - - -
University of Arkansas Fayetteville, United States 401 - - -
University of Bari Aldo Moro Bari, Italy 401 301 392 -
University of Brasil Brasília, Brazil 401 - 451 -
University of Bucharest Bucharest, Romania 401 - - -
The University of Cagliari Cagliari, Italy 401 - - -
University of Calabria Rende, Italy 401 - - -
University of Calcutta Kolkata, India 401 - - -
University of Granada Granada, Spain 401 401 341 296
University of Haifa Haifa, Israel 401 - - -
University of Kwazulu Natal Durban, South Africa 401 - 389 -
University of Ljubljana Ljubljana, Slovenia 401 401 451 273
University of Palermo Palermo, Italy 401 - - -
University of Patras Patras, Greece 401 - 451 -
University of Portsmouth Portsmouth, United Kingdom 401 - - -
University of Salamanca Salamanca, Spain 401 401 401 -
University of Salford Salford, United Kingdom 401 - - -
University of Santiago de Compostela Santiago de Compostela, Spain 401 301 451 341
University of Seville Sevilla, Spain 401 401 401 -
University of South Dakota Vermillion, United States 401 - - -
University of Southern Mississippi West Hattiesburg, United States 401 - - -
University of the Sunshine Coast Brisbane, Australia 401 - - -
University of Vigo Vigo, Spain 401 - - -
University of Windsor Windsor, Canada 401 - - -
University of Zaragoza Zaragoza, Spain 401 401 451 -
Waseda University Tokyo, Japan 401 - 401 363
Xi'an Jiaotong University Xi'an, China 401 401 400 -
University of California, San Francisco San Francisco, United States - 4 9 5
University of Washington Seattle, United States - 5 23 14
University College London (UCL) London, United Kingdom - 7 11 20
Rockefeller University New York City, United States - 8 83 29
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Dallas, United States - 12 97 48
University of Massachusetts Medical School - Worcester Worcester, United States - 18 151 160
Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) Trondheim, Norway - 25 303 346
University of Copenhagen Copenhagen, Denmark - 26 27 17
The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Houston, United States - 27 321 -
Melbourne Business School Melbourne, Australia - 45 13 43
Erasmus University Rotterdam Rotterdam, Netherlands - 50 51 172
Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin Mitte, Germany - 101 - 84
Hannover Medical School Hannover, Germany - 101 127 242
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Manhattan, United States - 101 154 159
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine London, United Kingdom - 101 38 -
Pompeu Fabra University Barcelona, Spain - 101 400 163
Tokyo Metropolitan University Tokyo, Japan - 101 351 -
University of Maryland Baltimore Baltimore, United States - 101 - 98
University of Münster Münster, Germany - 101 200 252
University of Oulu Oulu, Finland - 101 324 360
University of Southampton Southampton, United Kingdom - 101 104 196
Weizmann Institute of Science Tel Aviv Yaffo, Israel - 101 196 61
Yeshiva University New York City, United States - 101 - 147
Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis Indianapolis, United States - 151 - 156
Kitasato University Tokyo, Japan - 151 - -
Medical University of Graz Graz, Austria - 151 270 283
Oregon Health & Science University Portland, United States - 151 - 136
St George's, University of London London Borough of Sutton, United Kingdom - 151 229 -
State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn Syracuse, United States - 151 - -
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne Lausanne, Switzerland - 151 - -
Tsinghua University Beijing, China - 151 130 49
The University of Alabama at Birmingham Birmingham, United States - 151 166 116
Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf Düsseldorf, Germany - 151 196 193
University of Duisburg-Essen Essen, Germany - 151 263 349
Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) Erlangen, Germany - 151 179 178
University of Kansas Lawrence, United States - 151 243 302
Leipzig University Leipzig, Germany - 151 219 211
University of Lübeck Lübeck, Germany - 151 - -
University of Tampere Tampere, Finland - 151 401 -
China Medical University Taichung, Taiwan - 201 252 -
Georgetown University Washington, D. C., United States - 201 211 220
Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, United States - 201 274 126
Medical University of Innsbruck Innsbruck, Austria - 201 - -
Medical University of Vienna Vienna, Austria - 201 132 175
MINES ParisTech Paris, France - 201 - -
Nanjing Medical University Nanjing, China - 201 - -
Nanyang Technological University Singapore, Singapore - 201 123 128
Toulouse III - Université Paul Sabatier Toulouse, France - 201 353 -
Purdue University West Lafayette, United States - 201 164 130
RWTH Aachen University Aachen, Germany - 201 139 230
Shandong University Jinan, China - 201 392 199
Sichuan University Chengdu, China - 201 331 238
The Chinese University of Hong Kong Hong Kong, Hong Kong (SAR) - 201 65 305
The University of New Mexico Albuquerque, United States - 201 263 275
The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio San Antonio, United States - 201 - -
University of Guelph Guelph, Canada - 201 252 287
Martin Luther Universität Halle Wittenberg Halle, Germany - 201 389 313
Friedrich Schiller University Jena Jena, Germany - 201 305 189
University of Kentucky Lexington, United States - 201 281 317
University of Mississippi Oxford, United States - 201 - -
University of Naples Federico II Naples, Italy - 201 232 225
University of Regensburg Regensburg, Germany - 201 300 314
University of South Florida Tampa, United States - 201 238 293
University of Evry-Val D'Essonne Évry, France - 201 - -
Virginia Commonwealth University Richmond, United States - 201 351 208
Vita-Salute San Raffaele University Milano, Italy - 201 367 -
Aalborg University Aalborg, Denmark - 301 401 -
Aalto University Helsinki, Finland - 301 - -
AgroParisTech - Institut des Sciences et Industries du Vivant et de l'Environnement Paris, France - 301 - 255
Birkbeck, University of London London, United Kingdom - 301 451 -
Capital Medical University Beijing, China - 301 - -
Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, United States - 301 319 263
Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore Milano, Italy - 301 180 -
Central South University Changsha, China - 301 383 322
Ecole normale supérieure (ENS) Paris, France - 301 201 220
The Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro, Brazil - 301 - 248
Flinders University Adelaide, Australia - 301 315 -
Florida State University Tallahassee, United States - 301 378 249
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) Karlsruhe, Germany - 301 401 279
KAUST: King Abdullah University of Science and Technology Thuwal, Saudi Arabia - 301 351 -
KTH Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm, Sweden - 301 451 165
Linköping University Linköping, Sweden - 301 284 -
Medical University of South Carolina Charleston, United States - 301 - 283
Universidade Nova de Lisboa Lisbon, Portugal - 301 401 330
Northeastern University Boston, United States - 301 401 310
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland Dublin, Ireland - 301 401 -
Rush University Chicago, United States - 301 - -
Saarland University Saarbrücken, Germany - 301 392 330
The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston Galveston, United States - 301 - 339
Thomas Jefferson University Philadelphia, United States - 301 - 236
Tulane University New Orleans, United States - 301 321 -
University of Belgrade Belgrade, Serbia - 301 - 325
University of Buenos Aires Buenos Aires, Argentina - 301 207 245
University of Burgundy Dijon, France - 301 - -
University of Colorado Denver Denver, United States - 301 136 -
University of Massachusetts Amherst Amherst Center, United States - 301 315 203
University of Navarra Pamplona, Spain - 301 310 -
Université Nice Sophia Antipolis Nice, France - 301 451 341
Université de Rennes 1 Rennes, France - 301 - 397
University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg Johannesburg, South Africa - 301 247 -
The University of Vermont Burlington, United States - 301 368 -
University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna Vienna, Austria - 301 - -
University of Zagreb Zagreb, Croatia - 301 387 -
Augusta University Augusta, United States - 401 - 352
University of Brescia Brescia, Italy - 401 451 -
Brigham Young University Provo, United States - 401 451 -
Chalmers University of Technology Göteborg, Sweden - 401 351 152
Chonnam National University Gwangju, South Korea - 401 383 390
Ewha Womans University Seoul, South Korea - 401 356 360
Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul Porto Alegre, Brazil - 401 333 355
Fourth Military Medical University Nanjing, China - 401 - 392
Hacettepe University Istanbul, Turkey - 401 375 -
Harbin Medical University Harbin, China - 401 - -
Jean Monnet University Saint-Étienne, France - 401 - -
Jilin University Changchun, China - 401 401 333
Kyung Hee Cyber University Seoul, South Korea - 401 - -
Loyola University Chicago Evanston, United States - 401 401 -
Nankai University Tianjin, China - 401 401 371
National Cheng Kung University Tainan, Taiwan - 401 222 257
Maynooth University Maynooth, Ireland - 401 - -
Örebro University Örebro, Sweden - 401 - -
Paris University 13 Paris, France - 401 - -
South China Agricultural University Hangzhou, China - 401 - -
Temple University Philadelphia, United States - 401 333 301
Texas A&M University Temple, United States - 401 - -
Tianjin Medical University Tianjin, China - 401 - -
University of Louisville Louisville, United States - 401 - 321
Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg Magdeburg, Germany - 401 - -
University of Nantes Nantes, France - 401 451 -
University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna Vienna, Austria - 401 451 270
University of Notre Dame South Bend, United States - 401 301 371
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center Oklahoma City, United States - 401 - -
University of Perpignan Via Domitia Perpignan, France - 401 - -
University of Perugia Perugia, Italy - 401 401 -
University of South Australia Adelaide, Australia - 401 292 -
University of South Bohemia in Ceské Budejovice (USB) Budweis, Czech Republic - 401 - -
University of Ulsan Ulsan, South Korea - 401 303 -
University of Wyoming Laramie, United States - 401 - -
Vilnius University Vilnius, Lithuania - 401 - -
West Virginia University Morgantown, United States - 401 - -
Baylor College of Medicine Houston, United States - 51 54 59
Boston University Boston, United States - 51 41 74
Leiden University Leiden, Netherlands - 51 71 83
University of Amsterdam Amsterdam, Netherlands - 51 35 141
University of Minnesota Twin Cities Minneapolis, United States - 51 - 65
University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, United States - 51 71 55
University of Southern California Los Angeles, United States - 51 115 45
New York University New York City, United States - 76 44 39
Shanghai Jiao Tong University Shanghai, China - 76 108 103
University of Paris Paris, France - 76 121 142
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center Houston, United States - - 102 -
Frankfurt University of Applied Science Frankfurt am Main, Germany - - 113 -
University of California, Irvine Extension Irvine, United States - - 134 -
Bologna Business School Bologna, Italy - - 108 -
Chulalongkorn University Bangkok, Thailand - - 203 -
Kyung Hee University Seoul, South Korea - - 252 303
University Sains Malaysia George Town, Malaysia - - 269 -
National Chung Hsing University Taichung, Taiwan - - 401 -
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Kampung Baru Subang, Malaysia - - 295 -
University Putra Malaysia Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia - - 289 -
City University of Hong Kong Kowloon, Hong Kong (SAR) - - 451 -
Instituto Politécnico Nacional Mexico City, Mexico - - 401 -
The City University of New York New York City, United States - - 325 -
University of Debrecen Debrecen, Hungary - - 401 -
University of Texas at Dallas Richardson, United States - - 368 -
University of Waterloo Waterloo, Canada - - 372 378
Beijing Normal University Beijing, China - - 382 -
Braunschweig University of Technology Braunschweig, Germany - - 351 351
Cairo University Cairo, Egypt - - 295 -
Kyungpook National University Daegu, South Korea - - 375 393
Pusan National University Busan, South Korea - - 356 -
Shanghai University Shanghai, China - - 451 -
Taipei Medical University Taipei, Taiwan - - 178 -
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Hong Kong, Hong Kong (SAR) - - 372 -
The University of Alabama Tuscaloosa, United States - - 274 -
University Teknologi Malaysia Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia - - 351 -
Chiang Mai University Chiang Mai, Thailand - - 371 -
Chung-Ang University Seoul, South Korea - - 401 -
Drexel University Philadelphia, United States - - 401 -
Indian Institute of Technology Madras Chennai, India - - 401 -
Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur Khargapur, India - - 401 -
Kasetsart University Bangkok, Thailand - - 451 -
Mayo Medical School Rochester, United States - - 189 -
RMIT University Melbourne, Australia - - 451 -
University of Szeged Szeged, Hungary - - 451 375
Banaras Hindu University Varanasi, India - - 451 -
Catholic University of Korea Seoul, South Korea - - 339 -
Chonbuk National University Jeonju, South Korea - - 401 375
Chungnam National University Seoul, South Korea - - 401 -
Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e) Eindhoven, Netherlands - - 451 -
Federal University of Paraná Curitiba, Brazil - - 451 -
Federal University of Viçosa Vitorino Freire, Brazil - - 451 -
Harbin Institute of Technology Harbin, China - - 451 225
Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur Kanpur, India - - 451 -
National Taiwan University of Science and Technology (Taiwan Tech) Taipei, Taiwan - - 451 -
Novosibirsk State University Akademgorodok, Russia - - 451 -
Oxford Brookes University Oxford, United Kingdom - - 451 -
Tokushima University Tokushima, Japan - - 451 -
Universidad Nacional de Colombia Bogotá, Colombia - - 451 -
University of Central Florida Orlando, United States - - 451 -
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing, China - - 451 -
University of Minho Braga, Portugal - - 451 314
University of Strathclyde Glasgow, United Kingdom - - 451 -
Victoria University of Wellington Wellington, New Zealand - - 451 -
Curtin University Perth, Australia - - 335 -
Malmö University Malmö, Sweden - - 381 -
Niigata University Niigata, Japan - - 401 -
Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS) Tehran, Iran - - 401 395
The Aga Khan University Karachi, Pakistan - - 401 -
TU Berlin Berlin, Germany - - 401 341
University of the Philippines Diliman Bagong Pagasa, Philippines - - 401 -
Ain Shams University Cairo, Egypt - - 451 -
Alexandria University Alexandria, Egypt - - 451 -
Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC) Araranguá, Brazil - - 451 -
Kagoshima University Kagoshima, Japan - - 451 -
Khon Kaen University Khon Kaen, Thailand - - 451 -
Osaka City University Osaka-shi, Japan - - 451 -
Prince of Songkla University Hat Yai, Thailand - - 451 -
University of Indonesia Jakarta, Indonesia - - 451 -
University of Rostock Rostock, Germany - - 451 -
University of Twente (UT) Enschede, Netherlands - - 451 -
Radboud University Nijmegen - Summer School Nijmegen, Netherlands - - - 116
Trinity Western University Walnut Grove, Canada - - - 256
University of the Basque Country Lejona, Spain - - - 305
University of Tehran, Kish International Campus Kish, Iran - - - 352
Universidad de Cordoba Cordova, Spain - - - 381
Graz University of Technology (TU Graz) Graz, Austria - - - 382
University of Louisiana at Lafayette Lafayette, United States - - - 385
Beijing University of Chemical Technology Beijing, China - - - 399
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